Chosôn Dynasty or Yi Dynasty. The Chosôn Dynasty was founded byYi Sông-gye in 1392 after he seized political power from the leaders of the Koryô period. It lasted until the Japanese annexation of Korea in 1910.
Chul¡¯ga¡¯oi¡¯in. A woman who has married and left her parent¡¯s house. When this happens the woman¡¯s name is stricken from her family¡¯s register and she is considered to belong to another household.
Han. A haunting sense of regret or of unfulfilled wishes many Korean women experience in mid-life.
Hyôn¡¯mo¡¯yang¡¯chô. A wise mother and good wife. One of the ideals instilled in women during the Chosôn Dynasty.
Ka¡¯bo¡¯kyông¡¯jang or Kabo Reform. A reform movement which was inaugurated under Japanese political pressure. One of it¡¯s laws allowed the remarriage of widows.
Koryô. Shilla, Later Paekche and descendants of Parhae were all unified under the name Koryô in 935 by King T¡¯aejo. The Koryô period lasted almost without interruption (the Mongols occupied the Korean peninsula from 1231-1356) until the formation of the Chosôn Dynasty in 1392.
Sam¡¯jong¡¯ji¡¯do. ¡°The way of the three following.¡± Called for a woman to obey her father before marriage, her husband after marriage and her son after the death of her husband.
Sil¡¯hak. Or ¡°Practical Learning¡± began in the early 1600s by groups of scholars who applied scientific methodology to society¡¯s problems. Through science they wished to improve many of the current institutions and expand areas of knowledge.
Unified Shilla. The unified Shilla period began in 668 and encompassed most of the modern Korean peninsula. It collapsed completely in 935 and was followed by the Koryô period.
Yang¡¯ban. The word itself means ¡°both orders¡± and was originally a term which designated either a military or civil official; both of which were considered part of the upper class in the Chosôn Dynasty.